D Pharmacy 1st Year Syllabus
- The study of pharmaceutical chemistry is concerned with the chemical make-up, structure, and characteristics of medicines. It brings concepts from physical, inorganic, and organic chemistry to the world of drugs. The synthesis, analysis, and quality assurance of pharmaceuticals are all topics covered in this course.
- You will study the numerous chemical processes and reactions involved in medication development in Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Understanding how various substances combine to create the building blocks of medication molecules falls under this category. The fundamentals of drug synthesis, purification, and characterization will also be covered.
- Pharmaceutical Chemistry is also essential for guaranteeing the efficacy, safety, and quality of medicines. You will learn about analytical methods like spectroscopy and chromatography that are employed in the examination of drugs. The groundwork for drug discovery, development, and optimisation is laid forth in this field.
- The formulation, creation, and production of pharmaceuticals are the topics covered by pharmaceutics. It covers the research on medication delivery methods and dosage types. You will study how to make various pharmaceutical dosage forms, such as tablets, capsules, creams, ointments, and injectables, in pharmaceutics.
- Pharmaceutics is a broad topic that includes a variety of topics such the choice of excipients (inactive substances), medication stability, and techniques to increase drug bioavailability. You will examine the science involved in creating precise dose forms for medications and making sure they are administered and absorbed properly by the body.
- Pharmaceutics also concentrates on regulatory issues, quality control, and manufacturing processes for pharmaceuticals. It offers information on how to actually prepare and dispense drugs in a safe and efficient manner.
- The study of medicinal plants and other natural medicine sources is known as pharmacognosy. The topic examines how to recognise, separate, and characterise the bioactive substances that exist in plants. The discovery and development of pharmaceuticals from natural sources depend heavily on pharmacognosy.
- You will study about several medicinal plants, their geographic distribution, and the active substances they hold in Pharmacognosy. Techniques for extracting and isolating these bioactive chemicals are covered in this topic. Additionally, you will research how natural compounds are characterised chemically and biologically.
- Pharmacognosy also explores the historic usage of herbal medicines and their medicinal benefits. By investigating the potential of natural substances in treating a variety of ailments, it fills the gap between conventional medicine and contemporary drug discovery.
- Examining the social, economic, and behavioural facets of pharmacy practise is the focus of the study of social pharmacy. It focuses on how healthcare workers, patients, and the healthcare system as a whole interact with one another. The socioeconomic determinants that affect how medicines are used and how pharmaceutical services are provided are clarified in socioeconomic Pharmacy.
- You will learn about subjects including pharmaceutical policy, pharmaceutical marketing, patient medication adherence, and the function of chemists in advancing public health when you take a course called Social Pharmacy. The significance of providing patient-centered treatment and the ethical obligations of chemists are both emphasised in this topic.
- For chemists to interact with patients, work cooperatively with other healthcare providers, and contribute to the advancement of healthcare systems, it is essential that they are aware of the social dynamics of pharmacy practise.
Human Anatomy and Physiology
- A fundamental knowledge of the structure and operation of the human body is provided by human anatomy and physiology. This topic includes the physiology of numerous biological systems as well as the organisation of cells, tissues, and organs.
- You will study the anatomical components of the human body, such as bones, muscles, organs, and systems, in Human Anatomy. This involves, among other things, researching the skeletal, muscular, respiratory, digestive, neurological, and cardiovascular systems.
- Human physiology investigates how various bodily systems operate and collaborate to preserve equilibrium. You’ll learn about things like digestive processes, cardiovascular function, breathing functions, and neuronal connection. Understanding how medications interact with the body and how diseases are caused is crucial for understanding the complex functions of the human body.
- Pharmacy students get a strong foundation in human anatomy and physiology that is essential for understanding the structure and operation of the human body and for delivering the best possible pharmaceutical treatment.
D Pharmacy 2nd Year Syllabus
Hospital & Clinical Pharmacy
A discipline called Hospital & Clinical Pharmacy focuses on the function of chemists in a hospital or clinical setting. It covers a variety of topics, including drug delivery systems, medication safety, quality assurance, and the administration and organisation of hospital pharmacies. In a hospital context, chemists get training on the procedures involved in medicine selection, preparation, and distribution. Additionally, they research clinical pharmacy procedures, which entail actively taking part in patient care by recommending drug therapies, keeping an eye out for drug-related issues, and assuring proper medication usage.
This field of study explores the therapeutic applications of medications. Studying various illnesses and available therapies is part of it. The several drug classes, their methods of action, indications, contraindications, and side effects are all taught to chemists. They develop the information and abilities to evaluate patient-specific elements such age, weight, organ function, and comorbidities in order to make wise judgements about the prescription and management of medication therapy. Pharmacists learn to analyse scientific material critically and apply it to clinical practise in pharmacotherapeutics, which places a strong emphasis on evidence-based medicine.
Pharmacy Law & Ethics
Biochemistry & Clinical Pathology
The study of biochemical principles and how they are used in clinical settings is a component of biochemistry and clinical pathology. Biomolecules such proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as their functions in cellular signalling and metabolism, are covered in detail by chemists during their education. They also research enzymology, pharmacological and endogenous substance metabolism, and the biochemical causes of illnesses. Clinical pathology includes the interpretation of biochemical testing, haematological assays, and diagnostic imaging as well as other laboratory diagnostic procedures utilised in healthcare. This topic teaches chemists how to interpret laboratory data for diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy as well as the biochemical processes that underlie disease.